Installation, Building Practices & Field Tests

Guide to Standards & Tests

Installation

ASTM E2112-07 Standard Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and
Skylights

This document practice covers the installation of fenestration products in new and existing construction and is designed primarily to cover residential and light commercial applications. It is designed to educate the installer, builder, architect, and other users in the identification and understanding of the water shedding system of the building envelope.

FMA/AAMA 100-07 Standard Practice for the Installation of Windows with Flanges or Mounting Fins in Wood Frame Construction.
This document covers the installation of windows in new construction utilizing a membrane/drainage system from pre- to post-installation. It applies to windows which employ a mounting flange or fin that is attached and sealed to the window perimeter frame and is designed as an installation fastening appendage. Not yet complete, but under development by FMA and AAMA are standard practices covering windows in masonry construction, sliding doors and eventually hinged doors.

AAMA 504-05 Voluntary Laboratory Test Method to Qualify Fenestration Installation Procedures.
Used to evaluate installation procedures based on laboratory measurements of air leakage and water penetration resistance. Procedures are based on wood frame construction generally used in new residential construction.

InstallationMasters IM-TM Installer Training Manual
Publication addresses the installation of residential and light commercial windows and exterior glass doors. With information on both new construction and replacement projects, the manual includes 25 chapters with some 360 pages of text and graphics. The training manual covers such areas as initial site inspection, ordering and storing products, various product removal and replacement techniques, installation of products in new construction, final inspection, cleaning, maintenance and quality control. A companion video (IM-V), available only with purchase of the training manual, features 21 installation demonstrations. The 100-minute video shows step-by-step methods for a variety of window/door types and conditions. For information, contact InstallationMasters Institute.

AAMA 1703.1-80 Installation Guide for Primary Windows, Sliding Glass Doors and Swinging Exterior Passage Doors for Mobile Manufactured Housing
Contains standard sizes and installation instructions for mobile home primary windows, sliding glass doors and swinging exterior passage doors.

AAMA 1607-04 Installation Guidelines for Unit Skylights
Provides a guideline to installing preassembled unit skylights onto a roof. Standard provides clear illustrations and concise commentary on the principles involved to ensure good installation practice.

AAMA 2400-02 Standard Practice for Installation of Windows with a Mounting Flange in Stud Frame Construction
Provides guidance for the proper installation of windows with mounting flanges or nail fins into buildings with stud frame construction. It includes details of anchorage, flashing and sealing window installations to guide the user.

AAMA 2410-03 Standard Practice for Installation of Windows with an Exterior Flush Fin Over an Existing Window Frame
Covers installation of retrofit windows in residential buildings of no more than four stories in height, from pre-installation procedures through post-installation procedures. It provides minimum requirements, and  covers typical installations and generic details.

CAWM 420-97 Installation Guidelines for Replacement Windows Utilizing Existing Perimeter Wood Frame
This document includes step by step illustrations. Contact AAMA.

CSA A440.4-98 Window Standard
Canadian specification for windows includes section devoted to window installation in new construction and retrofit applications.

Field Testing

AAMA 502-02 Voluntary Specification for Field Testing of Windows and Sliding Glass Doors
Standard for evaluating performance of newly installed windows and sliding glass doors. Provides test methods for use in the field to evaluate performance under controllable and reproducible conditions.

ASTM E783-02 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Air Leakage Through Installed Exterior Windows and Doors
Test method provides a field procedure for determining the air-leakage rates of installed exterior windows and doors.

ASTM E1105-00 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors and Curtain Walls by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
Test method for determining resistance of installed windows, curtain wall and doors to water penetration.

ASTM E2128-01a Standard Guide for Evaluating Water Leakage of Building Walls
Procedures for forensic evaluations of buildings to determine sources of water penetration. Document covers issues related to fenestration products as well as all other elements of a wall system.

Structural

ASCE 07-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
Document provides current requirements for general structural design and includes means for determining dead, live, soil, flood, wind, snow, rain, atmospheric ice and earthquake loads, and their combinations that are suitable for inclusion in building codes and other documents.

Green Building

LEED for Homes
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design building rating system for new residential construction. Now in the pilot stage, the program provides design guidelines and third-party certification tools for builders and architects. Projects are certified at various levels for meeting various "green" criteria established to provide occupant well-being, environmental performance and economic returns under the program. Building products are not certified under the program. Contact USGBC.

LEED NC
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design building rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation. Program provides design guidelines and third-party certification tools for architects, building owners and developers. Projects are certified at various levels for meeting various "green" criteria established to provide occupant well-being, environmental performance and economic returns under the
program. Building products are not certified under the program. Contact USGBC.

NAHB Model Green Building Guidelines
National baseline program designed to be used by local and regional organizations in developing green building guidelines for residential construction. Building products are not certified under the program. NAHB
and the International Code Council are developing a joint National Green Building Standard that will replace this document.

ASTM E1991-05 Standard Guide for Environmental Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Building Materials/Products. This guide covers a common framework and set of principles for potential users, such as product manufacturers, environmental analysts, consultants, architects and the building industry in general.